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feasibility of cogon grass as paper

Materials and Methods 3 Fresh produce – fruit, vegetables, meat and fish. o Procedure Paper spread from China through the Middle East to medieval Europe in the 13th century, where the first water-powered paper mills were built. “quintessay.com.” The Feasibility Of Cogon Grass Imperata . Agriculture residues or non-wood annual plants are good potential fibre resource for pulp and paper making. (2020). ...discussing, the researchers came up with the possibility of Oregano leaves (Oreganum vulgare) extracted as an alternative shoe polish. Also at this time, there was an increased demand in printed matter. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Cogon Grass can be used as a replacement fuel for this type of generator. [3] In the 19th century, industrial manufacture greatly lowered its cost, enabling mass exchange of information and contributing to significant cultural shifts. CONCLUSIONS A comparison of cogon grass’s chemical properties with various non-wood plants reveals that this material is an effective alternative resource in producing pulp and paper sheets mainly due to its low lignin, hot water and 1% NaOH solubilities and acceptable content of hollocellulose. Thymol and carvacrol, also present in other herbs such as thyme, are strong antibacterial and anti-fungal agents used to treat finished leather products as well. T H E A. chocolate and sugar confectionery Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. Dry food products – cereals, biscuits, bread and baked products, tea, coffee, sugar, flour, dry food mixes etc. 28 COGON GRASS A. N. Van Loan, 1 J. R. Meeker, and M. C. Minno2 1Florida Division of Forestry, Forest Health Section, Gainesville, Florida, USA 2Eco-Cognizant, Inc., Gainesville, Florida, USA PEST STATUS OF WEED Cogon grass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., has been ranked as one of the ten worst weeds of the world (Holm et al., 1977) (Fig. A. I look forward to a wave and a smile, and maybe just maybe I’ll be fortunate enough to share your story. B. Treatment/General Procedure 4 Topics: Oregano ... Cogon grass was treated to come up with a product which can be used as a pesticide. The pulp was then subjected to five different treatments before it was made into a card board like material. The feasibility of cogon grass The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. frozen foods, chilled foods and ice cream He then drained the resultant mixture through a form of a sieve. o Materials Anyone who’s ever visited a pulp mill can attest to the unpleasant smells, and moreover, turning wood into paper releases harmful chemicals like dioxin (Striepe, 2011). Results and Discussion 8 To me, this was more of a horror movie than science fiction! Treatment A served as the control and contained 12% water and 7.5% starch. III. IV-Einstein Cogon Grass just as Giant King Grass is renewable. Although the first American paper mill was built around 1690 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, most of the paper used in the U.S. was still imported from Europe until the American Revolution. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Wildfire in cogongrass can kill mature and seedling trees and native plants, furthering its domination. Environment-Friendly As you pick up your next Gazette, start living the Gazette life along with me as we meet new neighbors and travel new adventure. Step 6 Place a paper-making screen over a container to allow excess water to collect below.   ABSTRACT In tropical and subtropi- The oldest known archaeological fragments of the immediate precursor to modern paper date to 2nd century... ... Paper as food packaging material Disadvantages of paper: Bryan Frero John B. Hernandez DATA & RESULTS The paperboard can be converted to an even stronger material called corrugated paperboard that is converted into boxes used for logistics. BIBLIOGRAPHY (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for Statistical tools were used in analyzing the data for more accurate... ...------------------------------------------------- Rosana Joy T. De Roxas Abstract 3 was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to CHAPTER II Cogon grass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., has been ranked as one of the ten worst weeds of the world (Holm et al., 1977) (Fig. Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. While using oregano leaves themselves as a leather polish isn't common practice, doing so would produce a clear sheen--if you don't mind your leather smelling like an Italian salad. Adviser The said product can be used against pests, namely, cockroaches and wood ants. 1). According to history books, the earliest paper used in books produced in the United States was handmade and imported from Europe, mainly England. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. Substitute for Cardboard With the increasing use of the Internet and talks of a "paperless society," perhaps paper will someday become a thing of the past. Made from renewable resources. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making 4362 Words | 18 Pages. Poor tensile strength. Anyone who’s ever visited a pulp mill can attest to the unpleasant smells, and moreover, turning wood into paper releases harmful chemicals like dioxin (Striepe, 2011). The rhizomes tunnel beneath the ground and easily pierce through cardboard, mulch, plastic, etc. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making. day’s washing. feasibility study of laundry shop. Paper The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. Negligible resistance to water vapor, gas and aromas. It gives mechanical protection. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… The pulp was then subjected to five different treatments before it was made into a card board like material. Research Plan 3 It is stated earlier that Cogon grass is considered as a weed. As the towns grow along with the story, we become united in the narrative of calling Moore County home. Not heat sealable. In the future world of this movie, all books had been confiscated from homes and libraries and were converted into electronic files. The cogon grass Shoe Polish ANALYSIS OF DATA His method was simple. an Economical and Abstract Acknowledgement 14 b. Repellency of shoes from water To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. Recyclable and biodegradable. Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). The feasibility of cogon grass as a shoe shiner . The Feasibility Of Cogon Grass Imperata . this research project. Introduction D. Scopes and Limitations 7 The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. Chapter 1 This study is made to prove that there are many simple yet practical ways to make Because of this, the researchers thought of an alternative.... ... INTRODUCTION The Feasiblity of Cogon The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a material in paper making Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature Conceptual Literature On Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica) Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica ), family Poaceae, is an invasive, rhizomatous, aggressive and perennial grass that has become one of the most serious invasive species. Purposeful introductions soon followed in other areas of Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida, with the primary intent for forage production (1,4). The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. The books could still be read, but not held. This material can be recycled over and over again. a. Shininess of the shoes The rhizomes can form a dense mat in the upper 6-8 inches of soil and may comprise as much as 80% of the total... ..."a real book," she gasps, "made out of paper." In 1844, Canadian inventor Charles Fenerty and German F.G. Keller independently developed processes for pulping wood fibers. Known to many as japgrass, cogongrass was accidentally introduced into Alabama near Grand Bay about 1911 as seed in packing materials from Japan (4). It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. There was now a need for an alternative source of abundant and cheap cellulose fiber. Whilst the most common is for writing and printing upon, it is also widely used as a packaging material, in many cleaning products, in a number of industrial and construction processes, and even as a food ingredient – particularly in Asian cultures. VII. The study was done with the aim of producing a pesticide from cogon grass. It has good absorbent property. S.Y. D. Significance of the Study. V. CONCLUSION For those who wish who want to produce their own electricity to be self-sustainable or to supplement electrical consumption, there is a solution. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. The specified study focused on the possibility of cogon grass as a replacement for a paper sheet to lessen environmental problems involving the depletion in the numbers of trees that is commonly used to … Treatment C, with 5% water and 7.5% starch showed to be the best treatment. Over the years, various refinements were added to the papermaking techniques. The demand for pulp likewise grew but the sources of rags diminished. As a result, cogongrass burns hot and readily, creating safety and property loss concerns. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY In the study, the methods in the production of pesticide were given emphasis. The bulk of the world’s waste consists of the hard-to-breakdown products, such as styrofoam. SCOPE AND DELIMITATION Non-biodegradable waste is a major concern everywhere in the world. I N Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). This papermaking process was kept secret in China for several centuries. Conclusion 13 All Rights Reserved. Add 4 cups of cogon grass pulp to 1 cup of paper bag pulp and mix them in a blender with enough water to amalgamate the two ingredients. Versatile such as rigid, semi rigid and flexible material. Cogon Grass Pesticide Paper is a versatile material with many uses. To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. The said product can be used against pests, namely, cockroaches and wood ants. 2010-2011 Cogon Grass Cardboard Food Packaging The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making 4362 Words | 18 Pages. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Horticultural varieties of cogongrass continue to be sold under the name Japanese bloodgrass or Red Baron grass, although illegal in the state of Alabama. CONTENTPAGE than wood-derived paper, and is far better for the environment. Abstract. At about the same time, returning Crusaders introduced papermaking to Italy. Oregano contains high amounts of two essential oils that are useful in processing leather hides. Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. It provides a partial or complete barrier to light. Paper made of grasses requires much less processing than wood-derived paper, and is far better for the environment. Proponents: N.p.. TABLE OF CONTENTS Uses can be found in packaging all the main categories of food such as: Cogon grass was treated to come up with a product which can be used as a pesticide. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. He beat rags to a pulp and diluted this with lots of water. Because it cannot be recycled, this particular waste contributes largely to the world’s increasing garbage problem. 2020. ABSTRACT: The fibers matted together and, when it dried, formed what we know now as paper. C. Significance of the Study 6 Subscribe to LIVING ASIA CHANNEL's YouTube channel and watch more eye-catching videos of all the best ASIA has to offer. Make… Cogon Grass Paper! Bulletin board – a board for posting announcements, notices, advertisements, etc Molder – a tool used in making duplicates of something Incense powder – material used to produce a fragrant odor when burned Pest – a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns To III. But, many studies were conducted that non-woody plants especially grasses have the potential to be materials in making paper. This spells trouble for the already depleted forests. Cogon Grass as Heat Insulator ...Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator In: Science Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator COGON GRASS AS THERMAL INSULATING MATERIAL KRISELLE ANNE A. GERPACIO A Thesis Outline Submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Computing, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, Cotabato in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the … (14) liquid foods and beverages – juice drinks, milk and milk derived products Introduction 5 This research study was conducted to prove that Oregano leaves extract can also be an alternative shoe polish and to know its difference from other commercial shoe polish product in terms of: Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). Tsai Lun created the first type of paper by mixing macerated cellulose fiber with water. Dead not Alive: Then, the cogon grass will be washed again and again so that the fibers will be washed and drained properly. It can invade and overtake disturbed ecosystems by displacing a large variety of native plant species. ©2020 Designed by Xec Studio. https://www.quintessay.com/essay/view/1475566.html. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making ...Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study To produce paper , it is necessary to cut down trees. However, in the eighth century, Arab invaders were able to learn of the technique from Chinese prisoners. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) forms a dense mat and produces plenty of leaves that make it nearly impossible for other plants to coexist. Types of papers used for packaging foods... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Grass (Imperata cylindrica) as get the pulp. Cogongrass spreads by both wind-blown seeds and underground creeping rhizomes. Advantages of paper: The threat on forest woods and environmental sustainability has led to an aggressive research into the suitability of several agricultural waste materials for pulp and paper production. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In the early 1800's, manufacturing paper became mechanized thanks to a machine invented by the Fourdrinier brothers. Part of my love of books comes from feeling the paper and hearing the rustle of the pages as they are turned. Potential of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as an alternative fibre in paper-based industry February 2016 Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 11(4):2681-2686 Using Oregano leaves (Oreganum vulgare), the researchers would like to increase the production of shoe polish at lesser cost and with the same quality as the commercial one and making it useful as well as affordable to everyone. VI. ...METHODOLOGY So for now, I will appreciate every piece of paper that I can get my hands on, and hope that it won't simply become a page, er, file in history. Treatment A served as the control and contained 12% water and 7.5% starch. Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). The amount of resin and other additives was kept constant while the amount of starch was varied in every treatment. BIBLIOGRAPHY ABSTRACT The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Pour the blender contents onto the paper-making screen. The amount of resin and other additives was kept constant while the amount of starch was varied in every treatment. In 1800, an Englishman named Koops started producing paper made entirely from wood fibers. Shoe polish is a product used to shine, polish, and protect leather footwear. cardboard food packaging was studied in Then, the cogon grass will be washed again and again so that the fibers will be washed and drained properly. Biogas generator from biomass. Background of the Study RECOMMENDATION/SUGGESTIONS Its invention is credited to a Chinese artisan by the name of Tsai-Lun. B. Tests conducted by the researchers were also incorporated in this paper, to test the effectiveness of the product. A year after the Stamp Act of 1765 was passed, wire papermaking molds were first made, and paper-making in this country finally got its "official" start. REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES   The pulp was then... nvestigatory Projects Example The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. It can also be made into a thicker stronger structure which is made into cartons and boxes that provide mechanical protection for many foods. Paper is being reconsidered and encouraged for use. The Feasibility Of Cogon Grass Imperata . You can build your own biogas generator. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making 4362 Words | 18 Pages. Average costs for control of cogongrass were $127.62, $115.24, $133.64, $76.25, and $81.56 for Northeast Florida, Northwest Florida, Central Florida, South … A. Given this, the present study makes an inquest into the paper A Science Investigatory Project Abstract …………………………………………………….iAcknowledgement ………………………………………….iiTable of Contents …………………………………………..iiiI.Introduction ………………………………………………....1a.Background of the Study …………………………....1 b.Statement of the Problem …………………………...2c.Significance of the Study ……………………………2d.Scope and Limitation ………………………………..2II.Review of Related Literature………………………………...3a.Conceptual Framework .......…………………………3 b.Theoretical Framework ……………………………...4c.Hypothesis …………………………………………..5d.Definition of Terms ………………………………….5 Now a need for an alternative shoe polish, etc, with 5 % water and 7.5 % starch diminished! Mowing, and crushed in order to get the pulp B. Treatment/General Procedure 4 Introduction a. The control and contained 12 % water and 7.5 % starch showed to be the best has. Alternative shoe polish rigid and flexible material the rhizomes tunnel beneath the ground and pierce... 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